Commit 4ac597b9 authored by Sergi Hernandez's avatar Sergi Hernandez
Browse files

Added the micro firmware code.

Current and charge measured.
parents
/*! \file a2d.c \brief Analog-to-Digital converter function library. */
//*****************************************************************************
//
// File Name : 'a2d.c'
// Title : Analog-to-digital converter functions
// Author : Pascal Stang - Copyright (C) 2002
// Created : 2002-04-08
// Revised : 2002-09-30
// Version : 1.1
// Target MCU : Atmel AVR series
// Editor Tabs : 4
//
// This code is distributed under the GNU Public License
// which can be found at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.txt
//
//*****************************************************************************
#include <avr/io.h>
#include <avr/interrupt.h>
#include "global.h"
#include "a2d.h"
// global variables
// number of channels to convert
#define NUM_CH 8
// number of samples to average
#define NUM_SAMPLES 16
// current channel
volatile unsigned char current_ch;
// list of channels to convert
const unsigned char list_ch[NUM_CH]={0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7};
// channel data
volatile short int adc_data[NUM_CH];
// averaged channel data
volatile short int ch1_data[NUM_SAMPLES];
volatile short int ch2_data[NUM_SAMPLES];
volatile short int ch3_data[NUM_SAMPLES];
volatile short int ch4_data[NUM_SAMPLES];
volatile short int ch5_data[NUM_SAMPLES];
volatile short int ch6_data[NUM_SAMPLES];
volatile short int ch7_data[NUM_SAMPLES];
volatile short int ch8_data[NUM_SAMPLES];
volatile unsigned char current_sample;
// functions
// initialize a2d converter
void a2dInit(void)
{
sbi(ADCSR, ADEN); // enable ADC (turn on ADC power)
cbi(ADCSR, ADFR); // default to single sample convert mode
a2dSetPrescaler(ADC_PRESCALE); // set default prescaler
a2dSetReference(ADC_REFERENCE); // set default reference
cbi(ADMUX, ADLAR); // set to right-adjusted result
// set the initial channel to convert
current_ch=6;
current_sample=0;
a2dSetChannel(list_ch[current_ch]);
// start conversion
a2dStartConvert();
sbi(ADCSR, ADIE); // enable ADC interrupts
}
// turn off a2d converter
void a2dOff(void)
{
cbi(ADCSR, ADIE); // disable ADC interrupts
cbi(ADCSR, ADEN); // disable ADC (turn off ADC power)
}
// configure A2D converter clock division (prescaling)
void a2dSetPrescaler(unsigned char prescale)
{
outb(ADCSR, ((inb(ADCSR) & ~ADC_PRESCALE_MASK) | prescale));
}
// configure A2D converter voltage reference
void a2dSetReference(unsigned char ref)
{
outb(ADMUX, ((inb(ADMUX) & ~ADC_REFERENCE_MASK) | (ref<<6)));
}
// sets the a2d input channel
void a2dSetChannel(unsigned char ch)
{
outb(ADMUX, (inb(ADMUX) & ~ADC_MUX_MASK) | (ch & ADC_MUX_MASK)); // set channel
}
// start a conversion on the current a2d input channel
void a2dStartConvert(void)
{
sbi(ADCSR, ADIF); // clear hardware "conversion complete" flag
sbi(ADCSR, ADSC); // start conversion
}
// return TRUE if conversion is complete
u08 a2dIsComplete(void)
{
return bit_is_set(ADCSR, ADSC);
}
//! Interrupt handler for ADC complete interrupt.
SIGNAL(SIG_ADC)
{
short int data;
// save data
data=(inb(ADCL) | (inb(ADCH)<<8));
adc_data[current_ch]=data;
switch(current_ch)
{
case 0: ch1_data[current_sample]=data;
break;
case 1: ch2_data[current_sample]=data;
break;
case 2: ch3_data[current_sample]=data;
break;
case 3: ch4_data[current_sample]=data;
break;
case 4: ch5_data[current_sample]=data;
break;
case 5: ch6_data[current_sample]=data;
break;
case 6: ch7_data[current_sample]=data;
break;
case 7: ch8_data[current_sample]=data;
break;
}
// prepare for next channel
if(current_ch==(NUM_CH-1))
current_sample=(current_sample+1)%NUM_SAMPLES;
current_ch++;
if(current_ch==NUM_CH)
current_ch=6;
a2dSetChannel(list_ch[current_ch]);
a2dStartConvert();
}
unsigned short int adc_get_channel(unsigned char ch_id)
{
if(ch_id>=0 && ch_id<=7)
return adc_data[ch_id];
else
return 0xFFFF;
}
unsigned short int adc_get_averaged_channel(unsigned char ch_id)
{
short int *data_pointer;
short int average=0;
unsigned char i;
switch(ch_id)
{
case 0: data_pointer=ch1_data;
break;
case 1: data_pointer=ch2_data;
break;
case 2: data_pointer=ch3_data;
break;
case 3: data_pointer=ch4_data;
break;
case 4: data_pointer=ch5_data;
break;
case 5: data_pointer=ch6_data;
break;
case 6: data_pointer=ch7_data;
break;
case 7: data_pointer=ch8_data;
break;
default: return 0xFFFF;
break;
}
for(i=0;i<NUM_SAMPLES;i++)
average=average+data_pointer[i];
average=average/NUM_SAMPLES;
return average;
}
/*! \file a2d.h \brief Analog-to-Digital converter function library. */
//*****************************************************************************
//
// File Name : 'a2d.h'
// Title : Analog-to-digital converter functions
// Author : Pascal Stang - Copyright (C) 2002
// Created : 4/08/2002
// Revised : 4/30/2002
// Version : 1.1
// Target MCU : Atmel AVR series
// Editor Tabs : 4
//
// This code is distributed under the GNU Public License
// which can be found at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.txt
//
/// \ingroup driver_avr
/// \defgroup a2d A/D Converter Function Library (a2d.c)
/// \code #include "a2d.h" \endcode
/// \par Overview
/// This library provides an easy interface to the analog-to-digital
/// converter available on many AVR processors. Updated to support
/// the ATmega128.
//
//****************************************************************************
//@{
#ifndef A2D_H
#define A2D_H
// defines
// A2D clock prescaler select
// *selects how much the CPU clock frequency is divided
// to create the A2D clock frequency
// *lower division ratios make conversion go faster
// *higher division ratios make conversions more accurate
#define ADC_PRESCALE_DIV2 0x00 ///< 0x01,0x00 -> CPU clk/2
#define ADC_PRESCALE_DIV4 0x02 ///< 0x02 -> CPU clk/4
#define ADC_PRESCALE_DIV8 0x03 ///< 0x03 -> CPU clk/8
#define ADC_PRESCALE_DIV16 0x04 ///< 0x04 -> CPU clk/16
#define ADC_PRESCALE_DIV32 0x05 ///< 0x05 -> CPU clk/32
#define ADC_PRESCALE_DIV64 0x06 ///< 0x06 -> CPU clk/64
#define ADC_PRESCALE_DIV128 0x07 ///< 0x07 -> CPU clk/128
// default value
#define ADC_PRESCALE ADC_PRESCALE_DIV64
// do not change the mask value
#define ADC_PRESCALE_MASK 0x07
// A2D voltage reference select
// *this determines what is used as the
// full-scale voltage point for A2D conversions
#define ADC_REFERENCE_AREF 0x00 ///< 0x00 -> AREF pin, internal VREF turned off
#define ADC_REFERENCE_AVCC 0x01 ///< 0x01 -> AVCC pin, internal VREF turned off
#define ADC_REFERENCE_RSVD 0x02 ///< 0x02 -> Reserved
#define ADC_REFERENCE_256V 0x03 ///< 0x03 -> Internal 2.56V VREF
// default value
#define ADC_REFERENCE ADC_REFERENCE_AVCC
// do not change the mask value
#define ADC_REFERENCE_MASK 0xC0
// bit mask for A2D channel multiplexer
#define ADC_MUX_MASK 0x1F
// channel defines (for reference and use in code)
// these channels supported by all AVRs with A2D
#define ADC_CH_ADC0 0x00
#define ADC_CH_ADC1 0x01
#define ADC_CH_ADC2 0x02
#define ADC_CH_ADC3 0x03
#define ADC_CH_ADC4 0x04
#define ADC_CH_ADC5 0x05
#define ADC_CH_ADC6 0x06
#define ADC_CH_ADC7 0x07
#define ADC_CH_122V 0x1E ///< 1.22V voltage reference
#define ADC_CH_AGND 0x1F ///< AGND
// these channels supported only in ATmega128
// differential with gain
#define ADC_CH_0_0_DIFF10X 0x08
#define ADC_CH_1_0_DIFF10X 0x09
#define ADC_CH_0_0_DIFF200X 0x0A
#define ADC_CH_1_0_DIFF200X 0x0B
#define ADC_CH_2_2_DIFF10X 0x0C
#define ADC_CH_3_2_DIFF10X 0x0D
#define ADC_CH_2_2_DIFF200X 0x0E
#define ADC_CH_3_2_DIFF200X 0x0F
// differential
#define ADC_CH_0_1_DIFF1X 0x10
#define ADC_CH_1_1_DIFF1X 0x11
#define ADC_CH_2_1_DIFF1X 0x12
#define ADC_CH_3_1_DIFF1X 0x13
#define ADC_CH_4_1_DIFF1X 0x14
#define ADC_CH_5_1_DIFF1X 0x15
#define ADC_CH_6_1_DIFF1X 0x16
#define ADC_CH_7_1_DIFF1X 0x17
#define ADC_CH_0_2_DIFF1X 0x18
#define ADC_CH_1_2_DIFF1X 0x19
#define ADC_CH_2_2_DIFF1X 0x1A
#define ADC_CH_3_2_DIFF1X 0x1B
#define ADC_CH_4_2_DIFF1X 0x1C
#define ADC_CH_5_2_DIFF1X 0x1D
// compatibility for new Mega processors
// ADCSR hack apparently no longer necessary in new AVR-GCC
#ifdef ADCSRA
#ifndef ADCSR
#define ADCSR ADCSRA
#endif
#endif
#ifdef ADATE
#define ADFR ADATE
#endif
// function prototypes
//! Initializes the A/D converter.
/// Turns ADC on and prepares it for use.
void a2dInit(void);
//! Turn off A/D converter
void a2dOff(void);
//! Sets the division ratio of the A/D converter clock.
/// This function is automatically called from a2dInit()
/// with a default value.
void a2dSetPrescaler(unsigned char prescale);
//! Configures which voltage reference the A/D converter uses.
/// This function is automatically called from a2dInit()
/// with a default value.
void a2dSetReference(unsigned char ref);
//! sets the a2d input channel
void a2dSetChannel(unsigned char ch);
//! start a conversion on the current a2d input channel
void a2dStartConvert(void);
//! return TRUE if conversion is complete
u08 a2dIsComplete(void);
unsigned short int adc_get_channel(unsigned char ch_id);
unsigned short int adc_get_averaged_channel(unsigned char ch_id);
#endif
//@}
/*! \file avrlibdefs.h \brief AVRlib global defines and macros. */
//*****************************************************************************
//
// File Name : 'avrlibdefs.h'
// Title : AVRlib global defines and macros include file
// Author : Pascal Stang
// Created : 7/12/2001
// Revised : 9/30/2002
// Version : 1.1
// Target MCU : Atmel AVR series
// Editor Tabs : 4
//
// Description : This include file is designed to contain items useful to all
// code files and projects, regardless of specific implementation.
//
// This code is distributed under the GNU Public License
// which can be found at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.txt
//
//*****************************************************************************
#ifndef AVRLIBDEFS_H
#define AVRLIBDEFS_H
// Code compatibility to new AVR-libc
// outb(), inb(), inw(), outw(), BV(), sbi(), cbi(), sei(), cli()
#ifndef outb
#define outb(addr, data) addr = (data)
#endif
#ifndef inb
#define inb(addr) (addr)
#endif
#ifndef outw
#define outw(addr, data) addr = (data)
#endif
#ifndef inw
#define inw(addr) (addr)
#endif
#ifndef BV
#define BV(bit) (1<<(bit))
#endif
#ifndef cbi
#define cbi(reg,bit) reg &= ~(BV(bit))
#endif
#ifndef sbi
#define sbi(reg,bit) reg |= (BV(bit))
#endif
#ifndef cli
#define cli() __asm__ __volatile__ ("cli" ::)
#endif
#ifndef sei
#define sei() __asm__ __volatile__ ("sei" ::)
#endif
// support for individual port pin naming in the mega128
// see port128.h for details
#ifdef __AVR_ATmega128__
// not currently necessary due to inclusion
// of these defines in newest AVR-GCC
// do a quick test to see if include is needed
#ifndef PD0
#include "port128.h"
#endif
#endif
// use this for packed structures
// (this is seldom necessary on an 8-bit architecture like AVR,
// but can assist in code portability to AVR)
#define GNUC_PACKED __attribute__((packed))
// port address helpers
#define DDR(x) ((x)-1) // address of data direction register of port x
#define PIN(x) ((x)-2) // address of input register of port x
// MIN/MAX/ABS macros
#define MIN(a,b) ((a<b)?(a):(b))
#define MAX(a,b) ((a>b)?(a):(b))
#define ABS(x) ((x>0)?(x):(-x))
// constants
#define PI 3.14159265359
#endif
/*! \file avrlibtypes.h \brief AVRlib global types and typedefines. */
//*****************************************************************************
//
// File Name : 'avrlibtypes.h'
// Title : AVRlib global types and typedefines include file
// Author : Pascal Stang
// Created : 7/12/2001
// Revised : 9/30/2002
// Version : 1.0
// Target MCU : Atmel AVR series
// Editor Tabs : 4
//
// Description : Type-defines required and used by AVRlib. Most types are also
// generally useful.
//
// This code is distributed under the GNU Public License
// which can be found at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.txt
//
//*****************************************************************************
#ifndef AVRLIBTYPES_H
#define AVRLIBTYPES_H
#ifndef WIN32
// true/false defines
#define FALSE 0
#define TRUE -1
#endif
// datatype definitions macros
typedef unsigned char u08;
typedef signed char s08;
typedef unsigned short u16;
typedef signed short s16;
typedef unsigned long u32;
typedef signed long s32;
typedef unsigned long long u64;
typedef signed long long s64;
/* use inttypes.h instead
// C99 standard integer type definitions
typedef unsigned char uint8_t;
typedef signed char int8_t;
typedef unsigned short uint16_t;
typedef signed short int16_t;
typedef unsigned long uint32_t;
typedef signed long int32_t;
typedef unsigned long uint64_t;
typedef signed long int64_t;
*/
// maximum value that can be held
// by unsigned data types (8,16,32bits)
#define MAX_U08 255
#define MAX_U16 65535
#define MAX_U32 4294967295
// maximum values that can be held
// by signed data types (8,16,32bits)
#define MIN_S08 -128
#define MAX_S08 127
#define MIN_S16 -32768
#define MAX_S16 32767
#define MIN_S32 -2147483648
#define MAX_S32 2147483647
#ifndef WIN32
// more type redefinitions
typedef unsigned char BOOL;
typedef unsigned char BYTE;
typedef unsigned int WORD;
typedef unsigned long DWORD;
typedef unsigned char UCHAR;
typedef unsigned int UINT;
typedef unsigned short USHORT;
typedef unsigned long ULONG;
typedef char CHAR;
typedef int INT;
typedef long LONG;
#endif
#endif
/*! \file buffer.c \brief Multipurpose byte buffer structure and methods. */
//*****************************************************************************
//
// File Name : 'buffer.c'
// Title : Multipurpose byte buffer structure and methods
// Author : Pascal Stang - Copyright (C) 2001-2002
// Created : 9/23/2001
// Revised : 9/23/2001
// Version : 1.0
// Target MCU : any
// Editor Tabs : 4
//
// This code is distributed under the GNU Public License
// which can be found at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.txt
//
//*****************************************************************************
#include "buffer.h"
#include "global.h"
#include "avr/io.h"
#ifndef CRITICAL_SECTION_START
#define CRITICAL_SECTION_START unsigned char _sreg = SREG; cli()
#define CRITICAL_SECTION_END SREG = _sreg
#endif
// global variables
// initialization
void bufferInit(cBuffer* buffer, unsigned char *start, unsigned short size)
{
// begin critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_START;
// set start pointer of the buffer
buffer->dataptr = start;
buffer->size = size;
// initialize index and length
buffer->dataindex = 0;
buffer->datalength = 0;
// end critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_END;
}
// access routines
unsigned char bufferGetFromFront(cBuffer* buffer)
{
unsigned char data = 0;
// begin critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_START;
// check to see if there's data in the buffer
if(buffer->datalength)
{
// get the first character from buffer
data = buffer->dataptr[buffer->dataindex];
// move index down and decrement length
buffer->dataindex++;
if(buffer->dataindex >= buffer->size)
{
buffer->dataindex -= buffer->size;
}
buffer->datalength--;
}
// end critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_END;
// return
return data;
}
void bufferDumpFromFront(cBuffer* buffer, unsigned short numbytes)
{
// begin critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_START;
// dump numbytes from the front of the buffer
// are we dumping less than the entire buffer?
if(numbytes < buffer->datalength)
{
// move index down by numbytes and decrement length by numbytes
buffer->dataindex += numbytes;
if(buffer->dataindex >= buffer->size)
{
buffer->dataindex -= buffer->size;
}
buffer->datalength -= numbytes;
}
else
{
// flush the whole buffer
buffer->datalength = 0;
}
// end critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_END;
}
unsigned char bufferGetAtIndex(cBuffer* buffer, unsigned short index)
{
// begin critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_START;
// return character at index in buffer
unsigned char data = buffer->dataptr[(buffer->dataindex+index)%(buffer->size)];
// end critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_END;
return data;
}
unsigned char bufferAddToEnd(cBuffer* buffer, unsigned char data)
{
// begin critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_START;
// make sure the buffer has room
if(buffer->datalength < buffer->size)
{
// save data byte at end of buffer
buffer->dataptr[(buffer->dataindex + buffer->datalength) % buffer->size] = data;
// increment the length
buffer->datalength++;
// end critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_END;
// return success
return -1;
}
// end critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_END;
// return failure
return 0;
}
unsigned short bufferIsNotFull(cBuffer* buffer)
{
// begin critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_START;
// check to see if the buffer has room
// return true if there is room
unsigned short bytesleft = (buffer->size - buffer->datalength);
// end critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_END;
return bytesleft;
}
unsigned short bufferIsEmpty(cBuffer *buffer)
{
// begin critical section
CRITICAL_SECTION_START;